Fixed appliances

Fixed appliances

These are toothed machines that are glued to the teeth during the treatment and are removed only from dentistry after the end of it.


Metal braces

Fabricated from stainless steel, they are the most widespread means of orthodontic treatment for children and teenagers. Soldered on the teeth and combined with multiple colorful elastic ties, they provide a cheerful appearance. In conjunction with the wires that connect the braces, they produce precise teeth movement to the desired direction.


Wild braces

These are metal braces bonded exclusively to the upper front six teeth, which are the most apparent. They are unique because the bracket base is designed like a flower, a star, a heart or Mickey mouse. They were invented by an American orthodontist and their scope is to give to the patients who select them a funnier appearance to their face. In terms of function, they do not differ from the classic metal braces with which they can be used in whichever raw and in whichever shape the patient selects.


Ceramic braces

The ceramic or white braces were invented to fulfill the aesthetic demands of the continuously growing number of adult patients, but they are widely used in teenagers as well. Fabricated from monocrystalline sapphire, they are distinguished for their high transparency and color stability, making orthodontic treatment aesthetically pleasing and almost invisible. In the past they have been used in combination with classic metal wires, but nowadays they are used with white wires (metal wires with a white cover in the tooth’s color), which makes them less visible.



It has to do with braces that are bonded on the lingual surface of the teeth and are totally invisible as a result. The lingual braces that are used in our practice (www. are computer made in the 3M laboratory in Germany, after that the orthodontist takes high precision impressions in the first diagnostic session. These braces are made of gold and are totally personalized, meaning that they are made in such a way as to fit the morphology of the lingual surface of only one particular patient. Their only disadvantage is their much higher cost when compared with all the other bracket types that are used in our practice.


Other types of lingual braces

In cases where the patient does not want a complete orthodontic treatment (mean duration of two years), it is possible to use some other types of lingual braces from other orthodontic companies (for example G.A.C, Omcro, Leone) which are less expensive than those by Incognito. These stainless steel lingual braces are not individualized, and their indications are mainly for short duration treatments and for aesthetic improvement of the patient’s smile. The treatments done with these braces are either light crowding cases or relapses from previous orthodontic treatments in the anterior part of the dental arches (the so called social six treatments), ranging between 4-6 months.  In cases where the patient desires a more complete but less expensive lingual treatment than Incognito, we may use ALIAS 3D self-ligating lingual brackets.